From last couple of months, we have been reading in newspapers and hearing in the news about the deaths reported due to some unknown virus that have covered major area of china and has no cure till now and is spreading.
What is Coronavirus?
Let’s understand from the start what this all chaos is about. Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, the virus causes respiratory infections which are typically mild. In cows and pigs, they may cause diarrhoea, while in chickens it can cause an upper respiratory disease. There are no vaccines or antiviral drugs that are approved for prevention or treatment.
Coronaviruses were discovered in the 1960s, the earliest ones discovered were infectious bronchitis virus in chickens and two viruses from the nasal cavities of human patients. Coronaviruses are believed to cause a significant percentage of all common colds in human adults and children. Coronaviruses cause colds with major symptoms, e.g. fever, throat swollen adenoids, in humans primarily in the winter and early spring seasons.
In September 2012, a new type of coronavirus was identified, initially called Novel Coronavirus 2012, and now officially named Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. The WHO update on 28 September 2012 stated that the virus did not seem to pass easily from person to person.
However, on 12 May 2013, a case of human-to-human transmission in France was confirmed by the French Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. By 30 October 2013, there were 124 cases and 52 deaths in Saudi Arabia.
How did the outbreak initiate?
In December 2019, a pneumonia outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China. On 31 December 2019, the outbreak was traced to a novel strain of coronavirus means new kind in that. By 28 January 2020, more than 130 deaths had been reported and more than 5,570 confirmed cases in this coronavirus pneumonia outbreak.
The virus was suspected to have originated in snakes, but many leading researchers disagree. The virus originated in the central Chinese city of Wuhan in Hubei late last year and has spread to other Chinese cities including Beijing and Shanghai, as well as the United States, Thailand, South Korea and Japan.
At least 10 cities have already been ordered on lockdown. Over 100 people have been kept under observation in Kerala and Maharashtra following screening for a possible exposure to novel coronavirus. Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan said no positive case has been detected in India so far.
How to prevent from Corona Virus?
To help prevent coronavirus infection, do the same things you do to avoid the common cold. Wash your hands with soap and water to minimize your infection risk. Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose, and mouth. Disinfect high-touch surfaces daily using a product that kills viruses. Wear a disposable face mask while in public.
So as rule says prevention is in your own hands we have to make sure to keep track of preventive measures for us and people around us.
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