How well did you sleep last night? Was it the only night when you didn’t have a sound sleep? Do you want to know why?
Here is the guide to the reason you are not able to sleep properly on a regular basis. It is called a sleep disorder. Disorders of sleeping and waking interfere with the quality of life and personal health. Sleep is not just resting or taking a break from busy routines—it is directly connected to physical and emotional health. Adequate sleep may also play a role in helping the body recover from illness and injury. To gain proper sleep, one should be aware of sleep disorders in order to prevent them.
What are sleep disorders?
Sleep disorders are conditions that disturb your normal sleep patterns. Sleep disorders have a negative impact on patients and society.
There are more than 80 different sleep disorders. Some of them are;
sleep apnea – is a chronic medical condition where the affected person repeatedly stops breathing during sleep. These episodes last 10 seconds or more and cause oxygen levels in the blood to drop or awakenings from sleep.
Being unable to fall asleep and stay asleep. This is the most common sleep disorder
Involves unconscious complex, semi-purposeful, and goal-directed behaviours that have meaning or importance to the individual. These can include sleep terrors, sleepwalking, sleep eating, sleep sex, rapid eye movement (REM) behaviour disorder, or any number of potential behaviours that occur while the person remains asleep.
This can be terrifying! It is characterized by a temporary inability to move while transitioning from sleep to wakefulness, such as when falling asleep or waking up
Restless legs syndrome
It is a neurological movement disorder characterized by unpleasant feelings in the legs associated with a need to move.
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)
It is characterized by unexplained prolonged fatigue that is not improved by rest and may be worsened by physical or mental activity.
What causes sleep disorders?
Scientists say that usually our dreams or nightmares are the by-products of our thoughts and daily activities. There have been many types of research going on, with different reasons each. However, there isn’t one single conclusion that would define the exact reason for this process.
Reasons like the following are the most common.
Genetics, Medical conditions, Mental illness like depression, post-traumatic stress disorder or anxiety, Medication. However, there are times when causes can be ageing or irregular sleep schedules or unknown.
What are the symptoms of sleep disorders?
Taking more than 30 minutes each night to fall asleep, regularly waking up several times each night and then have trouble falling back to sleep, or waking up too early in the morning, often feeling sleepy during the day, take frequent naps, or falling asleep at the wrong times during the day, having creeping, tingling, or crawling feelings in your legs or arms that are relieved by moving or massaging them, especially in the evening and when trying to fall asleep, your bed partner notices that your legs or arms jerk often during sleep, having vivid, dreamlike experiences while falling asleep or dozing, you feel as though you cannot move when you first wake up.
Sleep disorders can be diagnosed by polysomnography: a sleep study that evaluates oxygen levels, body movements, and brain waves to determine how they disrupt sleep. Other types of sleep studies may check how quickly you fall asleep during daytime naps or whether you are able to stay awake and alert during the day.
Nearly 7 out of 10 Americans experience frequent sleep problems = 40 million people who have not been diagnosed. It is very important to diagnose if any symptoms are found. People tend to take sleep disorders lightly, unknown of the fact that can worsen their condition.
What are the treatments for sleep disorders?
Good sleep habits and other lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and exercise.
Cognitive behavioural therapy or relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety about getting enough sleep.
CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine for sleep apnea
Bright light therapy (in the morning).
Medicines, including sleeping pills. Usually, providers recommend that you use sleeping pills for a short period of time.
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